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Road safety

Basic rules for everyone

It is vital that you and your child know how to keep safe on the road - whether you’re crossing the road, cycling or driving in a car.

Crossing the road - Green Cross Code

Think. Find the safest place to cross.

Stop. Stand on the pavement near the kerb.

Wait until it’s safe to cross.

Use your eyes and ears to Look and Listen for traffic. When it’s safe, walk across the road - don’t run.

Arrive safe. Keep looking and listening for traffic while you cross.

Make sure your child knows the Green Cross Code from an early age. They are never too young to learn it. Children tend to copy their parents, so be aware and set a good example. Remember that children can’t judge speed or distance properly until they’re at least eight years old, so knowing about the Green Cross Code is even more important.


Playing on the road

Teach your child that the road isn’t a playground, it’s a really dangerous place. If their ball accidentally goes onto the road they must ask an adult to retrieve it.


If your child rides a bike on the road, it’s vital to wear a helmet. In an accident it can prevent a serious head injury. Other things to check include that all the brakes work, the tyres are okay, the back reflector is clean and lights are working. Children should also be clearly seen, wearing bright colours or white during the day and reflective sashes or arm-bands on their clothing if they’re cycling in poor light or at night. In the dark they must have lights on their bikes.

In the car

If you’re driving children in the car, they need to be in a properly fitted, age-appropriate car seat. Make sure it’s right for your child’s weight and height. For further advice visit


Children are most at risk when playing outdoors, when roads are wet and slippery and when it gets dark.


From an early age, teach your child about road safety. Remember that children often copy their parents or carers.


Be a good role model and cross the road sensibly and wear a seatbelt yourself.